Displacement effects of heavy human use on coral reef predators within the Molokini Marine Life Conservation District

Last modified: 
December 13, 2019 - 9:36pm
Type: Journal Article
Year of publication: 2017
Date published: 06/2017
Authors: Alexander Filous, Alan Friedlander, Haruko Koike, Marc Lammers, Adam Wong, Kristy Stone, Russell Sparks
Journal title: Marine Pollution Bulletin
ISSN: 0025326X

The impact of marine ecotourism on reef predators is poorly understood and there is growing concern that overcrowding in Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) may disturb the species that these areas were established to protect. To improve our understanding of this issue, we used acoustic telemetry to examine the relationship between human activity at the Molokini Marine Life Conservation District (MLCD) and the habitat use of five reef-associated predators (Caranx melampygusCaranx ignobilisTriaenodon obesusCarcharhinus amblyrhynchos, and Aprion virscens). During peak hours of human use, there was a negative relationship (R2 = 0.77, P < 0.001) between the presence of bluefin trevally (Caranx melampygus) and vessels in subzone A. No other species showed strong evidence of this relationship. However, our results suggest that during this time, the natural ecosystem function that the reserve was established to protect may be compromised and overcrowding should be considered when managing MPAs.

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